What exactly are cookies?
A cookie or cookie in Turkish is a text file that stores some information for a limited time. Most websites use cookies. These are downloaded and saved automatically by your browser the first time you visit a website. A cookie contains at least two elements; name and value of the file. Cookies usually have self-destruct dates determined according to their desired lifespan. In this context, cookies are also divided into session cookies and persistent cookies. Session cookies are automatically deleted immediately at the end of that browsing session. Permanent cookies, on the other hand, remain on the end device you use for their predefined lifetime. However, they disappear at the end of the specified period. These types of cookies remember your setting preferences the next time you visit that website.

Are cookies bad?
There is no definitive answer to this question. It depends on which of the information on the website the cookies do or do not store and for what purpose this information is ultimately used. You can think of these cookies like a tool, for example a hammer or a saw. They are intended to be useful in principle, but can also be abused. Therefore, it is useful to differentiate and decide which cookies are necessary and important to you and which ones should not be saved. Then, you should adjust your device's cookie settings in line with this selection.

What are cookies actually needed for?
Cookies are expected to make website visits easier and more user-friendly. For example, when you shop online, they allow the website to "remember" the items in your basket on your next visit, or the page will automatically display in your preferred layout and font size. However, not all cookies are useful or particularly beneficial to the user. For example, tracking cookies are used to track your behavior on websites and to place advertisements accordingly or to make the website more user-friendly. This is why it is important to think carefully about which cookies you will accept and which you will refuse. It is useful to learn the types of cookies to make this decision.

What types of cookies are there?

  • Functional cookies are cookies that are absolutely necessary for basic functions in the operation of the website. Without them, the website cannot be used as intended. They also ensure that when a page is changed from http to https, the correct functionality provision and therefore increased security requirements are met. These cookies collect anonymized information (your identity cannot be linked) and they cannot track your movements on other websites. They fall under the category of session cookies, as they are only stored during the session. Your consent is not required for the use of these cookies.
  • First party cookies are cookies that are not strictly necessary to use a website according to the legal definition. However, they perform important tasks that will improve your browsing experience. For example, they ensure that your language selection and similar setting preferences are saved. The information in these cookies can only be used on the website they belong to.
  • Performance cookies are cookies that collect information about how a site is used by the visitor, for example, which pages it visits most frequently and whether or not it displays home error messages. These cookies do not store any other information. They are only used to increase the user-friendliness and to tailor websites specifically to individual users. This information is stored anonymously only.
  • If there is third party content integrated into a website, that third party may use some cookies even though you did not directly access its website. These types of cookies are called third party cookies. These cookies may be used by the said third party to collect information about you as a user and to recognize you when you visit his website, and to provide you with a customized website. For example, if there is a YouTube video on a site you enter, this may be the case.
  • If cookies are used for marketing purposes, they are referred to as marketing cookies. They are used to serve ads to the user that are relevant and tailored to him. Another purpose is to determine how often an ad appears and the effectiveness of the ad campaign.

Where can I define my cookie settings?
Most websites contain a warning message about the use of cookies. You can also adjust your cookie permissions from your browser settings according to your wishes. Many browsers allow you to accept or delete all cookies or only allow certain types of cookies. You can prevent cookies from being saved on your computer by selecting the option "do not accept cookies" from your browser settings. However, rejecting all cookies may also limit the functionality of some websites. You can delete cookies from your computer or other end devices at any time. For detailed information on this subject, please refer to the instructions of your browser or device.

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